Traits and phenotypes: Insect resistance (IR)

Insect resistance (IR)

Generally termed as "insect resistance" this trait should be rather be described as increased resistance against specific insect groups. Depending on the type of resistance this can be a group can be more or less specific and it can also affect insects that are not pest, so-called "non-target organisms".
Most "insect resistance" is caused by the production of Bt toxins.

GM events sorted by trait/phenotype

Name GM events
aphid resistant
Asian Citrus psyllid resistance citrus species and hybrids with multiple traits
Bt toxin production Bt-poplar with restored male sterility/fertility
Bt toxin production against Coleoptera
Bt toxin production against leaf-eating insects
Bt toxin production against Lepidoptera
coleoptera resistance
cottonwood leaf beetle resistance Cry3a (anti-coleoptera) Bt toxin producing poplar with ARMG nptII (OSU)
Cry1Ab Bt toxin production against coleoptera Cry1Ab and Cry1Ac Bt toxin producing apple against coleoptera and lepidoptera with ARMG nptII (Dry Creek)
Cry1Ac Bt toxin production against lepidoptera
Cry3a Bt toxin production against Coleoptera
Diaphorina citri resistance multiple citrus species with multiple traits
insect resistance
leafhopper resistance leafhopper resistant papaya with ARMG nptII
lepidoptera resistance aspergillus, phytophtera, lepidoptera and Clvr resistant walnut with ARMG nptII
lepidoptera resistance (synthetic) lepidoptera resistant walnut with synthetic insecticidal protein and scorable and selectable markers (UC Davis)
oblique banded leafroller (insect) resistance apple resistant to Oblique Banded Leafroller with ARMG nptII (Cornell)
phratora leaf beetle resistance Cry3a (anti-coleoptera) Bt toxin producing poplar with ARMG nptII (OSU)
pineshoot moth (lepidoptera) resistance
spruce budworm (lepidoptera) resistance